By on November 12, 2012

Peer Reviewed Journals:

Ackard, D. M., Henderson, J. B. & Wonderlich, A. L. (2004). The associations between childhood dance participation and adult disordered eating and related psychopathology. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 57, 485-490.

Alricsson, M. & Werner, S. (2004). The effect of pre-season dance training on physical indices and back pain in elite cross-country skiers: a prospective controlled intervention study. Br J Sports Med 38, 148-153.

Bonci, C. M. (1999). Assessment and evaluation of predisposing factors to anterior cruciate ligament injury. J Athl Train 2, 155-164.

Brodsky, A. E. & Khalil, M. A. (1986). Talar compression syndrome. Am J Sports Med 14, 472-476.

Buchbinder, M. R., Napora, N. J. & Biggs, E. W. (1979).  The relationship of abnormal pronation to chondromalacia of the patella in distance runners. JAPA 69, 159.

Burwell, R. G. & Dangerfield, P. H. (2002). The NOTOM hypothesis for idiopathic scoliosis: is it nullified by the delayed puberty of female rhythmic gymnasts and ballet dancers with scoliosis? Stud Health Technol Inform 91, 12-14.

Dierks, T. A., Manal, K. T., Hamill, I. S. (2008). Proximal and distal influences on hip and knee kinematics in runners with patellofemoral pain during a prolonged run. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 38, 448-456.

Dollinger, V., Obwegeser, A. A., Gabl, M., Lackner, P., Koller, M. & Galiano, K. (2008).  Sporting activity following discectomy for lumbar disc herniation. Orthopedics 31, 756-764.

Eils, E. Imberge, S., Voker, K. & Rosenblum, D. (2007). Passive stability characterisics of ankle braces and tape in simulated barefoot and shod conditions. Am J Sports Med 35, 282-288.

Fernandez-Palazzi, F., Rivas, S. & Mujica, P. (1990). Achilles tendonitis in ballet dancers. Clin Orthop Relat Res 257, 257-261.

Goulart, M., O’Malley, M. J., Hodgkins, C. W. & Charlton, T. P. (2008). Foot and ankle fractures in dancers. Clin Sports Med 27, 295-304.

Hadley, A., Griffiths, S., Griffiths, L. & Vicenzino, B. (1999).  Antipronation taping and temporary orthoses. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 89, 118-123.

Hamilton, D., Aronsen, P. Loken, J. H., Berg, I. M., Skotheim, R. Hopper, D., Clarke, A., Briffa, N. K. (2006). Dance training intensity at 11-14 years is associated with femoral torsion in classical ballet dancers. Br J Sports Med 40,  299-303.

Hamilton, W. G., Hamilton, L. H., Marshall P. (1992). A profile of the musculoskeletal characteristics of elite professional ballet dancers. Am J Sports Med 20, 267-273.

Hardaker, W.T. Jr., Margello, S. Goldner, J. L. (1985). Foot and ankle injuries in theatrical dancers. Foot ankle 6, 59-69.

Heinert, B. L., Kernozek, T. W., Greany, J. F. & Fater, D. C. (2008). Hip abductor weakness and lower extremity kinematics during running. J Sports Rehabil 17, 243-256.

Henry, L. (2008). A calf tear of suspicious origin: a case study. Journal of Dance Medicine & Science 12, 32.

Hiller, C. E., Refshauge, K. M., Herbert, R. D. & Kilbreath, S. L. (2008). Intrinsic predictors of lateral ankle sprain in adololescent dancers: a prospective cohort study. Clin J Sports Med 18, 44-48.

Hodgkins, C. W., Kennedy, J. G. & O’Loughlin, P. F. (2008). Tendon injuries in dance. Clin Sports Med 27, 278-288.

Joy, E. A., Van Hula, S. & Cooper, L. (2009). Health-related concerns of the female athlete: a lifespan approach. Am Fam Physician 79, 489-495.

Kadel, N. J. (2006). Foot and ankle injuries in dance. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of America 17, 813-826.

Kennedy, J. G. & Collumbier, J. A. (2008). Bunions in dancers. Clin Sports Med 27, 321-328.

Koch, S. C , Morlinghaus, K., Fuchs, T. (2007) The joy dance: specific effects of a single dance intervention on psychiatric patients with depression. The Arts in Psychotherapy 34, 340-349.

Liederbach, M., Dilgen, F. E. & Rose, D. J. (2008). Incidence of anterior cruciate ligament injuries among elite ballet and modern dancers: a 5-year prospective study. Am J Sports Med 36, 1779-1788.

Liederbach, M., Richardson, M., Rodriguez, M., Compagno, J., Dilgen, F. E., Rose, D. J. (2006). Jump exposures in the dance training environment: a measure of ergonomic demand. J Athl Train 41, S85.

McHugh, M. P, Tyler, T. F., Tertro, D. T., et. al (2006). Risk Factors for noncontact ankle sprains in high school athletes: the role of hip strength and balance ability. Am J Sports Med 34, 464-470.

Meuffels, D. E. & Verhaar, J. A. (2008). Anterior cruciate ligament injury in professional dancers. Acta Othop 79, 515-518.

Miyamoto, R. G., Dhotar, H. S., Rose, D. J. & Egol, K. (2009).  Surgical treatment of refractory tibial stress fractures in elite dancers. Am J Sports Med 37, 1150-1154.

Miller, C. (2006). Dance medicine. Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am 17, 803-811.

Motta-Valencia, K. (2006). Dance-related injury. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America 17, 697-723.

Nilsson, C., Wykman, A. & Leanderson, J. (1993). Spinal sagittal mobility and joint laxity in young ballet dancers: a comparative study between first-year students at the Swedish Ballet School and a control group. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 1, 206-208.

O’Loughlin, P. F., Hodgkins, C. W., Kennedy, J. G. (2008). Ankle sprains and instability in dancers. Clin Sports Med 27, 247–262.

Oztekin, H. H., Borja, H., Nalcakan, M. & Ozcan, O. (2007).  Second-toe length and forefoot disorders in ballet & folk dancers. j Am Podiatr Med Assoc 97, 385-388.

Piva, S. R., Fitzgerald, G. K., Irrgana, J. J., Fritz, J. M., Wisniewski, S., McGinty, G. T., Childs, J. D., Domenech, M. A., Jones, S. & Delitto, A. (2009). Associates of physical function and pain in patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 90, 285-295.

Prisk, V. R., O’Loughlin, P. F. & Kennedy, J. G. (2008). Forefoot injuries in dancers. Clin Sports Med 27, 305-320.

Quirk, R. (1983). Ballet injuries: the australian experience. Clin Sports Med 2, 507-514.

Reid, D. C. (1988). Prevention of hip and knee injuries in ballet dancers. Sports Medicine 6, 295-307.

Shah, S. (2008). Caring for the dancer: special considerations for the performer and troupe. Current Sports Medicine Reports 7, 128-132.

Sillanpaa, P. J., Mattila, V. M., Maenpaa, H., Visuri, T. & Pihlajamaki, H. (2009).  Treatment with and without initial stabilizing surgery for primary traumatic patellar dislocation. a randomized prospective study. J Bone Joint Surg Am 91, 263-273.

Simpson, K. J.& Kanter, L. (1997). Jump distance of dance landings influencing internal joint force: I. axial forces. Med Sci Sports Exerc 29, 916-927.


Tyler, T. F., McHugh, M. P., Mirabella, M. R., et. al (2006). Risk factors for noncontact ankle sprains in high school football players. Am J Sports Med 34, 471-475.

Van Dijk, C. M., Lim, L. S., Poortman, A., Strubbe, E. H. & Marti, R. K. (1995). Degenerative joint disease in female ballet dancers. Am J Sports Med 3, 295-300.

Warren, M. P., Brooks-Gunn, J., Hamilton, L. H. Warren, L. F. & hamilton, W. G. (1986). Scoliosis and fractures in young ballet dancers: relation to delayed menarche and secondary amenorrhea. N Engl J Med 314, 1348-1353.

Zayer, M. (2000). Long-term results after physiological genu varum. J Pediatr Orthop 4, 271-277.




American Psychiatric Association. Desk reference to the diagnostic criteria from DSM-IV-TR 2000; editor: 168-169.

Beers MH, Fletcher AJ, Jones TV, Porter R, Berkwits M, Kaplan JL. The merck manual of medical information: Second home edition 2003. New York: Merck & Co., Inc; 613-619.

Calais-Germain, B. (1993). Anatomy of Movement. Seattle: Eastland Press.

Grieg, V. (1994). Inside ballet technique: separating anatomical facts from fiction in the ballet class. Hightstown, NJ: Princeton Book Company.

Schamberger, W. (2002). The malalignment syndrome. Oxford: Churchill Livingstone, 344-346.

Trombly, C. A., Radomski, M. V., editors. (2002) Occupational therapy for physical dysfunction. 5 ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, p. 203, 224, 779.


Magazine Articles:

Hamilton, W. (2010). On dance injuries: Jumper’s knee. Dance Magazine 10.

Tu, J. (2004). Knee-sy does it. Dance Teacher Magazine 26,  73-74.


NYU Langone Medical Center (2008). Harkness center for dance injuries.

Gollin, G. (2000). Physics and Dance.

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