By on December 30, 2012

52e662_tendonTendons connect muscles to bones.  They are primarily composed of collagen fibers, a material that can transfer forces from the muscle to the bone, ennabling the joint to move.

Injury to the tendon is univerally referred to as tendonopathy.  There are three more specific terms defining tendon injuries:

  • Tendonitis: Acute inflammation of the tendon (e.g. Achilles tendonitis)
  • Tendonosis: Chronic inflammation, associated with degeneration and partial or complete rupture of the tendon.  This condition can be asymptomatic.
  • Paratendonitis: Acute inflammation of the paratendon (a sheath surrounding the tendon)

The primary causes of tendonopathies in dancers are errors in technique and training, and overuse.  Any of the thirteen tendons crossing the ankle are susceptible to injury, but the most commonly injured in dancers are the Achilles tendon, peroneal tendons, posterior tibial tendons and Flexor hallucis longus (FHL).

Further reading on tendons:

** Note: Fact sheets are compiled from peer-reviewed resources, and are intended for reference only.  For a complete list of references, click here.  In the event of an injury, seek advice from a licensed health professional.  The original content of this site is protected by copyright and may be shared, but not be republished without permission.  For full disclaimers and disclosures, visit our policies.

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